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Growing recognition that many of the health problems of older age are linked to chronic conditions and many of these can be prevented or delayed by healthy behaviours has resulted in a raft of policies that focus on health promotion and disease prevention.

The World Health Organisation (2015) has formulated a global strategy and action plan on ageing and health which addresses the following priority areas for action:

Similarly in the United Kingdom increasing emphasis has been placed on public health interventions aimed at promoting the mental wellbeing and independence of older people. Important documents to refer to include:

Mental Capital (Government Office for Science/Foresight 2008)

Ageing Well, an asset based approach (Office for Public Management/Local Government Association 2012)

Occupational therapy and physical activity interventions to promote the mental wellbeing of older people in primary care and residential care (NICE public health guidance, 2008, 2015)

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Independence and mental wellbeing. London: NICE, 2015.